What is Keratoconus?

Keratoconus is a bilateral, noninflammatory degeneration, an axial ecstatic condition of the cornea. ie. cornea has an irregular conical shape. This causes a progressive decrease in quality & quantity of vision. The exact cause is not clear.

Genetic factors in less than 10% cases.

Keratoconus may remain subclinical or completely uninvolved in the fellow eye in only 6% of cases.

LASIK should not be done in these cases.

Keratoconus can be managed with collagen cross-linking. In advanced cases, corneal grafting is the only alternative.

Factor that causes Keratoconus

  • Sleeping overnight with contact lens on.
  • Napping with contact lenses
  • Topping up the disinfectant solution in the case.
  • Extending the recommended replacement frequency of contact lens or cases.
  • Showering with lenses on.
  • Swimming with lenses on.
  • Rinsing contact lens in tap water.
  • Storing contact lenses in tap water.
  • Ignoring treatment of eyelid diseases.

Know more about the treatment.

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