What is Diabetic Retinopathy?
The central portion of the retina directly opposite the lens is called the macula. It enables us to see fine detail and color. In macular degeneration, the light sensing cells of the macula malfunction and may over time stop working.
Macular degeneration occurs most often in people over 60yrs old, in which case it is called Age-Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD). Less commonly, several hereditary forms of macular degeneration, can affect children or teenagers.
With increased longevity worldwide, macular degeneration is the leading cause of blindness. A study done by National Eye Institute showed that one out of five people between the ages of 65 to 74. One of three people over age 75 in this country will suffer some visual impairment due to Macular Degeneration.